The capital of Morocco is Rabat. It is the second largest city in the country by population. Rabat was founded in 1146 by the Almohad ruler Abd al-Mu'min and was used as a military fort, hence its name, which means stronghold of victory. The city’s size is approximately 45.17 square miles. In 1912 during French invasion, Morocco’s capital was moved from Fez to Rabat. After Morocco’s independence in 1955, the king Mohammed V let Rabat remain as the capital.

Rabat is one of Morocco's historical capital cities alongside Marrakesh, Meknes, and Fes. Rabat is home to all foreign embassies in the country.

Rabat has some tourist attractions. Some of the interesting sites include the mausoleum of Mohammed V, which has the tombs of the king and his two sons, and Mohammed V University, which is the first modern university in Rabat. There is also the Hassan Tower, which is an uncompleted mosque. Other interesting sites include Rabat Archaeological Museum and Musee Mohammed VI d’Art Moderne et Contemporain.

The climate in Rabat is Mediterranean. The summers are hot and dry with mild and damp winters. The nights are cold with temperatures getting to a low of 32 degrees Fahrenheit in the winter. The winter months are from December to February. Rabat’s annual precipitation averages about 22 inches. The hottest months are from May to October with temperatures reaching a high of around 117 degrees Fahrenheit in July, though the temperatures get cooler at night.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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