The official language of Georgia is Georgian which originates from the Kartvelian language family. These languages originated in the Caucuses region of Europe and the oldest surviving written evidence of Georgian dates back to the fifth century. According to many linguistic experts, the old Georgian script may have derived from Aramaic with influences from the Greek language. Georgian is used as the official language for business and education and the rich history of Georgian provides a stable platform for the language to survive and flourish.
Approximately 90% (3.3 million) of the country's 3.7 million inhabitants speak Georgian as their first language. Georgia is divided into two regions (East and West Georgia) and the dialect spoken can differ between regions. The Georgian language is written the same way, no matter the dialect that is spoken. According to the United States Department of State, Georgian is one of the hardest languages to learn.
Georgians are incredibly friendly people and an honest attempt at their language will be met will appreciation and patience. Georgian is difficult but there are a few indispensable phrases if travelling to the area. "Hello", is pronounced "ga-mar-jo-ba" and "good-bye" is pronounced "nakh-vam-dis". "Thank-you", is pronounced "g-mad-lob-t". The language is incredibly tough to read for newcomers to this type of dialect.
Azerbaijani is the most prevalent minority language in Georgia with 6.2% of the population speaking it natively. Russian is spoken by just over 1% of the population as a first language and this includes the older generation of Georgians who lived under Soviet rule. In the last two decades, many in the country have expressed interest in integrating English and it has become a mandatory subject in many schools across Georgia. The country has even stated that their goal is to eventually make English an official language.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018
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