The political system of Georgia takes place within a multi-party semi-presidential representative democracy. The country made the transition to democracy after the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1990. The President of Georgia is the head of state and the Prime Minister of Georgia is the head of government. The President and ruling government hold executive power and legislative power is vested in both the government and the Parliament of Georgia. There has been recent consideration of replacing the republic with a constitutional monarchy from many prominent Georgians.

The first multi-party democratic elections in Georgia took place on 28 October 1990. Parliamentary elections are held every four years in Georgia and the next election is scheduled to take place in 2020.

The Parliament of Georgia is located in the legislative capital of Kutaisi, near the centre of the country. This unicameral parliament has 150 seats, 115 are held by the Georgian Dream party. 77 members of the Parliament of Georgia are elected through proportional representation and 73 are elected through single-member constituencies or electorates. All members of parliament are elected for four-year terms.

Georgia has a multi-party system, with the most popular parties being the Georgian Dream and the United National Movement.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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