The flag of Turkmenistan is rectangular and has one vertical stripe on the hoist side. The stripe is red with five carpet designs while the background of the flag is green. The green background features a white crescent with five stars forming a circle. The flag was officially adopted on February 19, 1992. Over the years the flag has undergone some modification to its current design.

What Do the Flag's Colors and Symbols Mean?

The stripe on the hoist side with the five guls carpet designs stand for the tribes of Turkmenistan: the yomut, arsary, saryk, teke, and chowder tribe. The five stars on the flag symbolize the welayatlar (provinces) of Turkmenistan: Mary, Ahal, Lebap, Balkan, and Dashoguz. The green color covers the background and the white crescent stand for the Islam, the religion of the people of Turkmenistan. The white color also stands for a bright future and hope. The olive leaves on the last carpet design represent the country’s neutrality status.

Who Designed the Flag?

It is not clear who designed the flag of Turkmenistan. However, after the country gained independence from the Soviet Union, they adopted their flag, and the flag has been in use ever since. Turkmenistan has one of the most intricate flags in the world. The design is based on elements associated with the country with the five stars representing the regions, the carpet designs standing for the tribes and crescent representing religion.

What Have Historical Versions of the Flag Looked Like?

The only other flag used in Turkmenistan was the one the country used when it was under the control of the Soviet Union. It comprised of two blue stripes and a red background. The other design is that of the current flag which has undergone several changes over the years. For instance, the olive leaves were added on the last guls. Another modification was concerning the stars positions while the last was about the flag’s ratio which was increased from 1:2 to 2:3.

This page was last modified on March 14th, 2018