Where is Turkmenistan?

Located in Central Asia, Turkmenistan has a 4,158.00 km border with Afghanistan (804 km), Iran (1,148 km), Kazakhstan (413 km) and Uzbekistan (1,793 km).Field demarcation of the boundaries with Kazakhstan commenced in 2005.

Turkmenistan is an Asian country covering 488,100.00 km2 of which 3.72% is water and 469,930.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 54th largest country in the world and slightly more than three times the size of Georgia slightly larger than California. Its geographic coordinates are 40 00 N, 60 00 E and Ashgabat is the capital city.

The name Turkmenistan means "lane of the Turkmen people".

Its ISO code is TM.


Turkmenistan has a mean elevation of 230 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Vpadina Akchanaya (Sarygamysh Koli is a lake in northern Turkmenistan with a water level that fluctuates above and below the elevation of Vpadina Akchanaya, the lake has dropped as low as -110 m) which is -81m below sea level. Its highest elevation is Gora Ayribaba which is 3,139m above tall.

It has a tropical, marine climate that is moderated by trade winds and relatively dry. The terrain consists of sandy deserts and dunes, with some low mountains.


Turkmenistan has a population of 5,291,317 making it the 119th largest in the world. The majority of the population lives in and around the capital of Ashgabat.

Turkmen, Russian, and Uzbek are all widely spoken. The most common ethnic group reported is Turkmen. The majority of the population is Muslim.

The dialing code for the country is 993.


Turkmenistan is an independent country. It gained its independence when the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Its constitution was last ratified in 1992.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Turkmenistan's GDP is $94,720,000,000.00 (USD) with $17,300.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 83rd largest economy and its citizens the 91st richest in the world. The currency of Turkmenistan is the Manat (TMT).

Its major export partners are China and Turkey. Its main exports are gas, crude oil, petrochemicals, textiles, and cotton fiber. Its major import partners are Turkey, Russia, and China. Its major imports include machinery and equipment, chemicals, and foodstuffs.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017