Where is Afghanistan?

Located in southern Asia, north and west of Pakistan and east of Iran, Afghanistan has a 5,987.00 km border with China (91 km), Iran (921 km), Pakistan (2,670 km), Tajikistan (1,357 km), Turkmenistan (804 km) and Uzbekistan (144 km).

Afghanistan is an Asian country covering 652,230.00 km2. This makes it the 42nd largest country in the world and almost six times the size of Virginia; slightly smaller than Texas. Its geographic coordinates are 33 00 N, 65 00 E and Kabul is the capital city.

The name "Afghan" comes from the word originally used to describe the Pashtun people; "stan" is a term meaning "place of" or "country of".

Its ISO code is AF.


Afghanistan has a mean elevation of 1,884 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Amu Darya which is 258m above sea level. Its highest elevation is Noshak which is 7,485m above tall.

It experiences a climate that is arid to semiarid, with cold winters and hot summers. It has a mostly rugged and mountaineous terrain, with plants in the north and southwest.


Afghanistan has a population of 33,332,025 making it the 40th largest in the world. In general, the eastern region of the country is more densely population than the other regions, with the south being the most sparsely populated.

Dari and Pashto are both official languages. Major ethinc groups are Pashtuns, Tajiks, Hazarsa, and Uzbeks. The population is predominantly Muslim.

The dialing code for the country is 93.


Afghanistan is an independent country. It gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1919. Its constitution was last ratified in 2004.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Afghanistan's GDP is $64,080,000,000.00 (USD) with $2,000.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 103rd largest economy and its citizens the 196th richest in the world. The currency of Afghanistan is the Afghani (AFN).

Its major export partners are India, Pakistan, and Tajikistan. Its main exports are opium, fruits and nuts, and handwoven carpets. Its major import partners are Pakistan, India, and the United States. Its major imports include machinery and other capital foods, and food.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017