The twin islands of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago have a parliamentary democracy type of government. Its current government was adopted in 1976. The government of Trinidad is a replica of Northern Ireland and Great Britain. The government is headed by the president and the prime minister. The country gained its independence in 1962 from Britain and has remained the member of the Commonwealth. In 1976, it adopted a new constitution where the president became the head of state replacing the British monarch.
The elections and boundaries commission of Trinidad is mandated by the constitution to handle the general election. Voters are usually registered at age 15 but are eligible to vote when they reach 18 years. The constitution of Trinidad states that anyone who is above 35 years can be nominated for the presidential seat. The president is elected by the Electoral College through a secret ballot. The president serves for a term of five-years renewable indefinitely. For the prime minister, there is no set limit to how long one can serve. The prime minister is appointed by the president.
The bicameral parliament of Trinidad and Tobago is located in Port of Spain. The Red House (Trinidad parliament) which houses members of parliament was built between the years 1904 and 1906, but it is not the original building. The original building was burned down during the water riot in 1884, prompting the rebuilding of the current parliament. The president’s residence is on Trinidad Island, Port of Spain while the Diplomatic Centre, St Ann’s houses the official residence of the prime minister.
Popular political parties in Trinidad and Tobago include the Progressive Empowerment Party, the People's Partnership, Congress of the People, and Tobago Organisation of the People.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018
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