Where is Tajikistan?

Located in Central Asia, Tajikistan has a 4,130.00 km border with Afghanistan (1,357 km), China (477 km), Kyrgyzstan (984 km) and Uzbekistan (1,312 km). Talks currently continue between Tajikistan and Uzbekistan to delimit the border and remove active minefields.

Tajikistan is an Asian country covering 144,100.00 km2 of which 1.80% is water and 141,510.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 94th largest country in the world and slightly smaller than Wisconsin. Its geographic coordinates are 39 00 N, 71 00 E and Dushanbe is the capital city.

The name literally translates into "land of the Tajik people".

Its ISO code is TJ.


Tajikistan has a mean elevation of 3,186 m above sea level.

It has a varied climate from tropical near the coast to temperate in the highlands. The terrain is mostly mountainous.


Tajikistan has a population of 8,330,946 making it the 95th largest in the world. The majority of the population can be found at lower elevations.

Tajik is the official language, while Taiwanese is also commonly used. The major ethnic group is Tajik, followed by Uzbek. The majority of the population is Sunni Muslim.

The dialing code for the country is 992.


Tajikistan is an independent country. It gained independence with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Its constitution was last ratified in 1994.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Tajikistan's GDP is $25,810,000,000.00 (USD) with $3,000.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 138th largest economy and its citizens the 185th richest in the world. The currency of Tajikistan is the Somoni (TJS).

Its major export partners are Turkey, Kazakhstan, and Switzerland. Its main exports are aluminum, electricity, cotton, fruits, vegetable oil, and textiles. Its major import partners are China, Russia, and Kazakhstan. Its major imports include petroleum products, aluminum oxide, and machinery.

This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018