Dushanbe has been the capital city of Tajikistan since 1924 when it was made the capital of the Tajik Soviet Republic. Dushanbe is situated on the Varzob and Kofarnihon rivers and is located in the western part of the country. The archaeological evidence found in the area suggests that Dushanbe was no more than a small village before the early part of the 1900s. The first written mention of the city occurred in 1676 and the name Dushanbe means Monday in Tajik; the town was the site of a famous local market that took place on a Monday. The city was renamed Stanlinabad in 1929 and later returned to the earlier name of Dushanbe in 1961.

The population of Dushanbe is approximately 803,000 people which is almost 10 percent of the entire population of the country. The population of the city is made up of native Tajiks (83%), Uzbeks (9%), and Russians (5%). There are also a small number of Arabs, Armenians, Persians, and other migrants to the nation. Most, if not all, of the population, understand the official language of the country, Tajik.

The main attractions in the city of Dushanbe include the 165 metre Dushanbe Flagpole, the Dushanbe Zoo, Gurminj Museum of Musical Instruments, the Tajikistan National Museum, and Vahdat Palace. The city is served by the Dushanbe International Airport and the trolleybus system in the city provides an excellent option for transit. The city is also home to some Soviet architecture and many educational facilities.

The climate of Dushanbe is classed as a Mediterranean climate with strong influences from the surrounding continent. The Summers in the country are mostly dry and hot, and the winters are chilly but not as cold as some of the neighbouring nations. Rainfall in Dushanbe is more prevalent than other Central Asian cities, and the city experiences a yearly average of over 500 millimetres of precipitation. The surrounding mountains protect the city from the majority of the cold air coming from Siberia. The average low in January is -2 degrees Celsius (28 degrees Fahrenheit), and the average high during July is a scorching 35 degrees Celsius (96 degrees Fahrenheit).

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018