Where is Kyrgyzstan?

Located in Central Asia, Kyrgyzstan has a 4,573.00 km border with China (1,063 km), Kazakhstan (1,212 km), Tajikistan (984 km) and Uzbekistan (1,314 km).Kyrgzstan has yet to ratify the 2001 boundary delimitation with Kazakhstan.

Kyrgyzstan is an Asian country covering 199,951.00 km2 of which 4.08% is water and 191,801.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 88th largest country in the world and slightly smaller than South Dakota. Its geographic coordinates are 41 00 N, 75 00 E and Bishkek is the capital city.

Its name comes from a combination of the Turkic words "kyrg" and "yz".

Its ISO code is KG.

Geography

Kyrgyzstan has a mean elevation of 2,988 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Kara-Daryya (Karadar'ya) which is 132m above sea level. Its highest elevation is Jengish Chokusu (Pik Pobedy) which is 7,439m above tall.

It has a continental climate that is dry in mountainous regions, subtropical in the southwest, and temperate in the foothills. Its terrain is composed of mountains, valleys, and basins.

Population

Kyrgyzstan has a population of 5,727,553 making it the 114th largest in the world. The majority of the country lives in rural areas.

Kyrgyz is the official language; Uzbek and Russian widely spoken. The major ethnic group is Kyrgyz followed by Uzbek. The most common religion group is Muslims, with a significant Russian Orthodox minority.

The dialing code for the country is 996.

Government

Kyrgyzstan is an independent country. It gained independence with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in 1991. Its constitution was last ratified in 2010.

Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Kyrgyzstan's GDP is $21,010,000,000.00 (USD) with $3,500.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 143rd largest economy and its citizens the 175th richest in the world. The currency of Kyrgyzstan is the Som (KGS).

Its major export partners are Switzerland, Uzbekistan, and Kazakhstan. Its main exports are gold, cotton, wool, and garments. Its major import partners are China, Russia, and Kazakhstan. Its major imports include oil and gas, machinery, chemicals, and foodstuffs.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017