Where is Switzerland?

Located in Central Europe, Switzerland has a 1,770.00 km border with Austria (158 km), France (525 km), Italy (698 km), Liechtenstein (41 km) and Germany (348 km).The country is not currently involved in any territory disputes.

Switzerland is a European country covering 41,277.00 km2 of which 3.10% is water and 39,997.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 63rd smallest country in the world and slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey. Its geographic coordinates are 47 00 N, 8 00 E and Bern is the capital city.

The name of the country derives from the canton of Schwyz.

Its ISO code is CH.

Geography

Switzerland has a mean elevation of 1,350 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Lake Maggiore which is 195m above sea level. Its highest elevation is Dufourspitze which is 4,634m above tall.

It has a desert climate with hot, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. Its terrain is mostly mountainous with a central plateau of rolling hills, plains, and lakes.

Population

Switzerland has a population of 8,179,294 making it the 97th largest in the world. The majority of the population lives in the northern and western areas.

German, French, and Italian are official languages. The major ethnic groups are described as German, French, and Italina. The population is mostly Roman Catholic and Protestant.

The dialing code for the country is 41.

Government

Switzerland is an independent country. The Swiss Confederation was founded in 1291. Its constitution was last ratified in 1999.

Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Switzerland's GDP is $496,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $59,400.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 39th largest economy and its citizens the 17th richest in the world. The currency of Switzerland is the Franc (CHF).

Its major export partners are Germany, the United States, and Hong Kong. Its main exports are machinery, chemicals, metals, watches, and agricultural products. Its major import partners are Germany, the United Kingdom, and the United States. Its major imports include machinery, chemicals, and vehicles.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017