Where is Romania?

Located in Southeastern Europe, Romania has a 2,844.00 km border with Bulgaria (605 km), Hungary (424 km), Moldova (683 km), Serbia (531 km) and Ukraine (601 km). It has a 225.00 km coastline. Disputes with Ukraine have existed in the past, concerning the Ukrainian-administered Zmiyinyy/Serpilor Island and Black Sea maritime boundary delimitation.

Romania is a European country covering 238,391.00 km2 of which 3.57% is water and 229,891.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 81st largest country in the world and twice the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Oregon. Its geographic coordinates are 46 00 N, 25 00 E and Bucharest is the capital city.

The name Romania comes from the Latin "Romanus", meaning "citizens of Rome".

Its ISO code is RO.


Romania has a mean elevation of 414 m above sea level.

It has an incredibly varied climate from subarctic in Siberia, tundra in the north, humid continental in European Russia, and mild along the coast. Its terrain is mountainous, with some rolling hills.


Romania has a population of 21,599,736 making it the 57th largest in the world. The country's population is relatively evenly distributed.

Romanian is the official language. The majority ethnic group is Romanian, followed by Hungarian. The majority of the country is Eastern Orthodox.

The dialing code for the country is 40.


Romania is an independent country. It gained independence from the Ottoman Empire in 1877. Its constitution was last ratified in 1991.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Romania's GDP is $441,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $22,300.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 43rd largest economy and its citizens the 78th richest in the world. The currency of Romania is the Leu (RON).

Its major export partners are Germany, Italy, and France. Its main exports are machinery and equipment, other manufactured goods, and agricultural products. Its major import partners are Germany, Italy, and Hungary. Its major imports include machinery and equipment, chemicals, and fuels and minerals.

This page was last modified on December 16th, 2017