Where is Qatar?

Located in the Middle East, Qatar has a 87.00 km border with Saudi Arabia. It has a 563.00 km coastline.

Doha has grown at a rapid past over the past century. During the early 20th century, Doha was much smaller. There were 9 districts within the city. In 2010, over 60 districts were counted in Doha. The petroleum industry has played a major role in the growth of Doha. Doha's economy depended on the harvesting of pearls. When oil drilling took place, this brought plentiful revenue to Doha, and to Qatar. The oil industry has attracted millions of immigrants to Doha, rapidly expanding the city's population. The ruling family in Qatar is the Al Thani family. The Al Thani family rules Qatar from Doha. This has been the home of the Al Thani family since 1847. Actually, the Al Thani family when to Al Bidda, before Al Bidda was incorporated into the city of Doha. The current ruling family once resided in Fuwayrit, in Qatar's northeastern coast. This was due to conflicts between Fuwayrit and what would become Doha. This was due to a family being robbed that had ties to the Al Thani family.

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Qatar is an Asian country covering 11,586.00 km2. This makes it the 37th smallest country in the world and almost twice the size of Delaware; slightly smaller than Connecticut. Its geographic coordinates are 25 30 N, 51 15 E and Doha is the capital city.

The origin of the name Qatar is not entirely clear.

Its ISO code is QA.


Qatar has a mean elevation of 28 m above sea level.

It has a temperate climate with cold, snowy winters and sunny, rainy summers. Its terrain is mostly flat and barren.


Qatar has a population of 2,258,283 making it the 143rd largest in the world. The majority of the population lives in and around Doha.

Arabic is the official language, while English is officially used as a second language. The majority ethnic group is non-Qatari, followed by Qatari. The majority of the country is Muslim, with Christian and Hindu minorities.

?Qatar shares a land border with Saudi Arabia. Arabic is the official language in Qatar. The Arabic script is used as the system of writing in Qatar. Qatari Arabic is the local dialect used in Qatar. Geographic proximity on the Arabian Peninsula plays a major role in Arabic being the official language in Qatar. While Arabic is the official language in Qatar, it is not the only language spoken in Qatar. English is a second language in Qatar. It is a common language used in commerce and trade.

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The dialing code for the country is 974.


Qatar is an independent country. IT gained independence from the United Kingdom in 1971. Its constitution was last ratified in 2004.

?On paper, the State of Qatar is considered a constitutional monarchy. However, the way it is run has elements of an absolute monarchy. There have been discussions of a general election for the nation's legislative body. However, this has not happened as of current. There is a constitution in Qatar. However, the Emir of Qatar rules Qatar with elements more common to an absolute monarchy rather than a constitutional monarchy. In a nutshell, Qatar is a constitutional monarchy on paper, but an absolute monarchy in practice.

Read more on Qatar's Government


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Qatar's GDP is $335,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $129,700.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 51st largest economy and its citizens the 2nd richest in the world. The currency of Qatar is the Rial (QAR).

Its major export partners are Japan, India, and China. Its main exports are liquefied natural gas, petroleum products, and fertilizers. Its major import partners are China, the United States, the United Arab Emirates, and Germany. Its major imports include machinery and transport equipment, food, and chemicals.


Qatar's flag is a relatively long flag with respect to horizontal aspects. The ratio of the Qatari flag is 11:28. The flag of Qatar is the only flag in the world that is more than twice as long as it is high. This is what makes Qatar's national flag unique. This flag has two colors, maroon and white. The flag is white on the hoist side and maroon on the rest of the flag. The flag has a serrated pattern that demarcates the maroon and white. This demarcation pattern forms a band on the flag, consisting of 9 white points. There is another nation that has a similar flag pattern, the Kingdom of Bahrain. Bahrain's flag has the serrated pattern with white on the hoist side. The difference is that the Bahraini flag has 5 points, and instead of maroon, the color red is used.

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This page was last modified on February 6th, 2018

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