The political system of Mongolia takes place in a semi-presidential representative democracy within a republic consisting of multiple political parties and ideologies. Executive power is held by the President of Mongolia and the government and legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The judiciary system of Mongolia is independent of the government and parliament.

Mongolia holds elections for the national parliament every four years, with the last taking place in 2016. The State Great Khural has 76 seats and currently, the Mongolian People's Party holds 65. The President of Mongolia serves a term of four years and can be re-elected for a second term but not a third. The 2017 presidential election saw the first run-off election in the country's history with Khaltmaa winning 50.6% of the vote. Elections follow the mixed member proportional system with votes receiving two votes; one for their constituency representative and one for a political party.

The national parliament of Mongolia is known as the State Great Khural and is located in the capital city of Ulaanbaatar in a facility known as Government Palace. This same facility houses the offices of the government and president as well as various government agencies. The first session of this parliament took place in 1924 and the first multi-party elections for the State Great Khural took place on 29 July 1990.


Mongolian political parties include the Democratic Party and the Mongolian People's Party.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018