Where is Mongolia?

Located in Northern Asia, Mongolia has a 8,082.00 km border with China (4,630 km) and Russia (3,452 km).

Mongolia is an Asian country covering 1,564,116.00 km2 of which 0.68% is water and 1,553,556.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 18th largest country in the world and slightly smaller than Alaska; more than twice the size of Texas. Its geographic coordinates are 46 00 N, 105 00 E and Ulan Bator is the capital city.

The name Mongolia means "Land of the Mongols".

Its ISO code is MN.


Mongolia has a mean elevation of 1,528 m above sea level.

It has a desrt climate with large temperature ranges. Its terrain consists of semidesert and desert plains, with narrow coastal plains and high limestone mountains and plateaus.


Mongolia has a population of 3,031,330 making it the 138th largest in the world. The country is sparsely populated throughout.

Mongolian is the official and most widely spoken language. The major ethnic group is Khalkh. The majority of the country is Buddhist or non-identifying.

The dialing code for the country is 976.


Mongolia is an independent country. It gained independence from China in 1911. Its constitution was last ratified in 1992.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Mongolia's GDP is $37,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $12,200.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 120th largest economy and its citizens the 120th richest in the world. The currency of Mongolia is the Tugrik (MNT).

Its major export partners are China and Switzerland. Its main exports are copper, apparel, livestock, and animal products. Its major import partners are China, Russia, and Japan. Its major imports include machinery and equipment, fuel, cars, food products, and industrial consumer goods.

This page was last modified on February 6th, 2018