The Government of Ireland is a Parliamentary Republic whereby it operates under the parliamentary system of government where it (executive branch) is answerable to the Parliament (legislature). The constitution gives executive authority to the Taoiseach, the head of government.


The Irish election system is based on the Single Transferable Vote (STV) which is a voting system that aims to achieve proportional representation in constituencies or multi-seat organizations. Citizens over 18 years are eligible to vote in all national elections and referendums. Fianna Fail is the main government party having reigned for the last 13 years. The President of Ireland is elected for a term of 7years and cannot serve for more than two terms. However the Prime Minister for this country has not been limited on the terms they can run as long as they have the support of a majority in the lower house (Dail).

The parliament house is located at College Green in Dublin. It was built in 1729 and rebuilt in 1796. The President lives in Aras an Uachtarain, Leinster which serves as a venue for formal state occasions as well as a family home for the President. The Taoiseach has no official residence and usually lives at an apartment in Dublin or their own residential home.


Ireland has four main political parties: Fianna Fail, Fine Gael, the Greens and Sinn Fein.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018