Where is Iran?

Located in the Middle East, Iran has a 5,894.00 km border with Afghanistan (921 km), Armenia (44 km), Azerbaijan (689 km), Iraq (1,599 km), Pakistan (959 km), Turkey (534 km) and Turkmenistan (1,148 km). It has a 2.00 km coastline. Iran protests Afghanistan's limiting flow of dammed Helmand River tributaries.

Iran is an Asian country covering 1,648,195.00 km2 of which 7.07% is water and 1,531,595.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 17th largest country in the world and almost 2.5 times the size of Texas; slightly smaller than Alaska. Its geographic coordinates are 32 00 N, 53 00 E and Tehran is the capital city.

The name derives from the Avestan term "aryanam" which means "Land of the noble ones".

Its ISO code is IR.


Iran has a mean elevation of 1,305 m above sea level.

It has a arid and semiarid climate that is subtropical along the Caspian coast. Its terrain is mostly rugged, with deserts in the central basin.


Iran has a population of 82,801,633 making it the 16th largest in the world. The majority of the population is found in the north, northwest, and west.

Persian is the official language. Major ethnic groups include Persian, Azeri, and Kurd. The official religion is Islam.

The dialing code for the country is 98.


Iran is an independent country. The Islamic Republic of Iran was proclaimed in 1979. Its constitution was last ratified in 1979.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Iran's GDP is $1,460,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $18,100.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 18th largest economy and its citizens the 88th richest in the world. The currency of Iran is the Rial (IRR).

Its major export partners are China, India, and Turkey. Its main exports are petroleum, chemical and petrochemcial products, fruits and nuts, and carpets. Its major import partners are the United Arab Emirates, China, and South Korea. Its major imports include industrial supplies, capital goods, foodstuffs and other consumer goods.

This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018