Where is Azerbaijan?

Located in Southwestern Asia, Azerbaijan has a 2,468.00 km border with Armenia (996 km), Georgia (428 km), Iran (689 km), Russia (338 km) and Turkey (17 km).Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, and Russia ratified the Caspian seabed delimiation treaties together, based on equidistance.

Azerbaijan is an Asian country covering 86,600.00 km2 of which 4.59% is water and 82,629.00 km2 is land. The area includes the exclave of Naxcivan Autonomous Republic and the Nagorno-Karabakh region whose autonomy was abolished by Azerbaijani Supreme Soviet on 26 November 1991. This makes it the 114th largest country in the world and about three-quarters the size of Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than Maine. Its geographic coordinates are 40 30 N, 47 30 E and Baku is the capital city.

The name Azerbaijan translates into "land of fire.".

Its ISO code is AZ.


Azerbaijan has a mean elevation of 384 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Caspian Sea which is -28m below sea level. Its highest elevation is Bazarduzu Dagi which is 4,485m above tall.

It has a dry, arid climate. There are lowlands and mountains in the north, and uplands in the west.


Azerbaijan has a population of 9,872,765 making it the 91st largest in the world. The highest population density is found in the far eastern section of the country.

Azerbaijani is the official language and most common language spoken. The majority ethnic group is Azerbaijani. The population is predominantly Shia Muslim.

The dialing code for the country is 994.


Azerbaijan is an independent country. It gained independence when the Soviet Union dissolved in 1991. Its constitution was last ratified in 1995.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Azerbaijan's GDP is $166,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $17,700.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 72nd largest economy and its citizens the 89th richest in the world. The currency of Azerbaijan is the Manat (AZN).

Its major export partners are Italy, Germany, France, and Israel. Its main exports are oil and gas and machinery. Its major import partners are Russia, Turkey, and the United States. Its major imports include machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, and metals.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017