The Azerbaijan flag is made up of three colors, blue, red, and green in equal horizontal bands with a white crescent and an eight-point star at the center of the red color. Officially called Azərbaycan bayrağı (Flag of Azerbaijan), citizens nicknamed this flag as Üçrəngli Bayraq which translates to “The Tricolor Flag.” The flag came to use on November 9, 1918, when the country gained independence and was used until 1920 and thereafter revived on February 5, 1991 with a height to length proportion of 1:2.

There is no clear agreement on what the crescent and star mean but there are different theories explaining their meaning. One theory is that the eight-pointed star refers to the Turkic peoples that make up Azerbaijan while the other simply states that the two represent the Islamic religion.

Ali bey Huseyn oğlu Huseynzade, a thinker, writer, philosopher, doctor, and artist designed the Flag of Azerbaijan in 1918. Born Turkish, Ali was a respected figure in Azerbaijan and helped the country in coming up with a national identity after independence. Because of his status, the government of the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan adopted his design.

In the early months of 1918 until the introduction of the current flag, the Democratic Republic of Azerbaijan used a red flag with the crescent and star at the center. From 1920 to 1921, the country used a red flag with a white crescent and five-pointed star. In 1922 under the Transcaucasian Socialist Federative Soviet Republic (Transcaucasian SFSR), the flag had a thick red band and a small blue band with the Soviet sickle and hammer located at the top left corner with a star above them. From 1930 to 1936, the flag was red with the Soviet hammer and sickle inside a five-point star with Russian inscription at the top left side. The star and inscriptions vanished leaving the hammer and sickle between 1937 and 1940. The flag underwent minor changes until 1952 when the thin blue horizontal band was added and used until 1991 when they regained independence.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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