The capital city of Eritrea is Asmara, located in the center of the country and around two hours drive from the coast of the Red Sea. The area has been inhabited for over 500 years by humans. The primary language in the city is Tigrinya although English and Italian are widely used and understood. The city is also well-known for the preservation of Italian colonial-era architecture.

The population of Asmara city is approximately 804,000, but the metropolitan area of Asmara contains over 1.25 million inhabitants. Tigrinya is the most well-represented ethnicity in Asmara with around 50% of the population identifying as Tigrinya. The Tigre and Kunama ethnicity make up 40 percent of the population, and the remaining 10% is made up of Afar, Saho, and other ethnic minorities.

The main attractions in the city include the Cattedrale di Asmara, Fiat Tagliero and the Cimitero Italiano Di Asmara. The Medebar Market is a must-see in Asmara, and many tourists love the experience. The National Museum of Eritrea, as well as the Asmara Theatre and Opera House, are perfect for absorbing the culture of arts in the city. Local food is similar to that of Djibouti, Ethiopia, Sudan, or Yemen, but Eritrean food has unique local flavour combinations as well as using seafood in their dishes more than their neighbours.

The climate of Asmara is classified as a semi-arid climate, and due to the elevation of the city, temperatures are much cooler than similarly situated cities in the area. The summers are considered warm, but not hot, and the winter months are very mild. The yearly average high is 23 degrees Celsius (73.6 degrees Fahrenheit), and the annual average low is 8 degrees Celsius (46.4 degrees Fahrenheit). The most common temperature at any point in time throughout the year is 15.6 degrees Celsius (60.1 degrees Fahrenheit).

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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