Where is Eritrea?

Located in Eastern Africa, Eritrea has a 1,840.00 km border with Djibouti (125 km), Ethiopia (1,033 km) and Sudan (682 km). It has a 2,234.00 km coastline. Eritrea and Ethiopia agreed to abide by the 2002 Ethiopia-Eritrea Boundary Comission's delimitation decision.

Eritrea is an African country covering 117,600.00 km2 of which 14.12% is water and 101,000.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 99th largest country in the world and slightly larger than Pennsylvania. Its geographic coordinates are 15 00 N, 39 00 E and Asmara is the capital city.

The country's name comes from the ancient Greek appellation "Erythra Thalassa".

Its ISO code is ER.


Eritrea has a mean elevation of 853 m above sea level.

Its climate varies from hot and dry along the coast, semiarid in the western hills and lowlands and cool and wet in the central highlands. Its terrain is dominated by highlands, and includes a central desert plain as well as hilly terrain in the northwest.


Eritrea has a population of 5,869,869 making it the 112th largest in the world.

Tigrinya, Arabic, and English are official languages. There are nine recognized ethnic groups of Tigrinya, Tigre, Saho, Kunama, Rashaida, Bilen, and other. Muslim, Christians, and Roman Catholics are all represented in the population.

The dialing code for the country is 291.


Eritrea is an independent country. It gained independence from Ethiopia in 1993. Its constitution was last ratified in 1997.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Eritrea's GDP is $9,169,000,000.00 (USD) with $1,300.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 158th largest economy and its citizens the 210th richest in the world. The currency of Eritrea is the Nakfa (ERN).

Its major imports include machinery, petroleum products, and food.

This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018