Cuba is a socialist republic. Leadership in Cuba is through democratic centralism. The first Cuban president, Fidel Castro, legalized the communist party in the late 1950s. His action damaged the country’s relationship with the United States. Initially the US thought the Cuban revolution determined to restore democracy within Latin America. Today, Cuba is one of the world’s remaining socialist countries following the Marxist-Leninist ideology. According to its 1992 constitution, the Communist Party of Cuba is the “leading force of society and of the state.”

The current president of Cuba is Raúl Castro while the vice president is Miguel Mario Díaz-Canel Bermúdez. President Raúl Castro took over office from his brother Fidel Castro in 2008. It is the National Assembly which has a duty to elect the Cuban president. The presidents are meant to serve a term of five years. However, there is no limit in the number of terms of office that they may hold. As a result, the first Cuban president, Fidel Castro, served as president for 49 years. The president of the National Assembly in Cuba is Esteban Lazo Hernández. Another leader in the Cuban government is Homero Acosta Álvarez who is the secretary of the state.


The National Assembly of People’s Power is the legislative body of the Cuban government. The members of the National Assembly gather at the El Capitolio. Its location is Havana, the country’s capital city. The building of the Assembly by architects Raul Otero and Eugenio Piedra began in 1926 and ended in 1929. The residence of the President of Cuba is Palacio de la Revolución.

Elections in Cuba take place in two phases. The first phase involves the election of the delegates to the Municipal Assembly. On the other hand, the second phase involves the election of deputies to the National and Provincial Assemblies. Cubans nominate the candidates for Municipal Assemblies at nomination assemblies. Municipal Assemblies in turn nominate the candidates for provincial and national assemblies. No political parties are allowed to campaign including the Communist Party. Voters make their decisions based on the candidates’ photos and biographies that are posted in public arenas. Voting takes place every five years.

This page was last modified on November 22nd, 2017