Where is Colombia?

Located in Northern South America, Colombia has a 6,672.00 km border with Brazil (1,790 km), Ecuador (708 km), Panama (339 km), Peru (1,494 km) and Venezuela (2,341 km).There have been disputes involving the martime boundary that exists with Nicaragua.

Colombia is a South American country covering 1,138,910.00 km2 of which 8.80% is water and 1,038,700.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 27th largest country in the world and slightly less than twice the size of Texas. Its geographic coordinates are 4 00 N, 72 00 W and Bogota is the capital city.

The country is named for explorer Christopher Columbus.

Its ISO code is CO.


Colombia has a mean elevation of 593 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Pacific Ocean. Its highest elevation is Pico Cristobal Colon which is 5,775m above tall. Pico Simon Bolivar also has the same elevation at 5775 m.

It has a tropical climate along the coast and in the eastern plains; it is cooler in the highlands. Its terrain consists of flat coastal lowlands, central highlands, high Andes mountains, and eastern lowland plains.


Colombia has a population of 47,220,856 making it the 29th largest in the world. The majority lives in the north and the west of the country.

Spanish is the official language. The majority ethnic groups are mestizo and white, Afro-Colombian, and Amerindian. Catholicism is the majority religion in Colombia.

The dialing code for the country is 57.


Colombia is an independent country. It gained independence from Spain in 1810. Its constitution was last ratified in 1991.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Colombia's GDP is $688,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $14,100.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 31st largest economy and its citizens the 112th richest in the world. The currency of Colombia is the Peso (COP).

Its major export partners are the United States, Panama, and China. Its main exports are petroleum, coal, emeralds, and coffee. Its major import partners are the United States,China, and Mexico. Its major imports include industrial equipment, transportation equipment, and consumer goods.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017