Where is Nicaragua?

Located in Central America, Nicaragua has a 1,253.00 km border with Costa Rica (313 km) and Honduras (940 km).Nicaragua and Costa Rica regualarly dispute the border area around the San Juan River.

Nicaragua is a North American country covering 130,370.00 km2 of which 7.96% is water and 119,990.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 99th largest country in the world and slightly larger than Pennsylvania; slightly smaller than New York state. Its geographic coordinates are 13 00 N, 85 00 W and Managua is the capital city.

The name Nicaragua comes from the nameof the largest indigenous settlement that was found at the time of the Spanish arrival.

Its ISO code is NI.


Nicaragua has a mean elevation of 298 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Pacific Ocean. Its highest elevation is Mogoton which is 2,438m above tall.

It has a climate that is tropical in the lowlands, and cooler in the highlands. Its terrain is mostly made up of coastal plains, interior mountains, and volcanoes.


Nicaragua has a population of 5,966,798 making it the 110th largest in the world. The majority of the population lives in the western half of the country.

Spanish is the official language. The major ethnic group reported is mestizo. The majority of the country is Roman Catholic or Evangelical Christian.

The dialing code for the country is 505.


Nicaragua is an independent country. It gained independence from Spain in 1821. Its constitution was last ratified in 1987.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Nicaragua's GDP is $33,550,000,000.00 (USD) with $5,300.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 126th largest economy and its citizens the 162nd richest in the world. The currency of Nicaragua is the Cordoba (NIO).

Its major export partners are the United States, Mexico, and Venezuela. Its main exports are coffee, beef, gold, sugar, and peanuts. Its major import partners are the United States, China, and Mexico. Its major imports include consumer goods, machinery and equipment, raw materials, and petroleum products.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017