Where is Peru?

Peru is a South American country covering 1,285,216.00 km2 of which 0.41% is water and 1,279,996.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 21st largest country in the world and almost twice the size of Texas; slightly smaller than Alaska. Its geographic coordinates are 10 00 S, 76 00 W and Lima is the capital city.

Peru has a 7,062.00 km border with Bolivia (1,212 km), Brazil (2,659 km), Chile (168 km), Colombia (1,494 km) and Ecuador (1,529 km). Chile and Ecuador rejected Peru's November 2005 unilateral legislation to shift the axis of their joint treaty-defined maritime boundaries.

The name Peru comes from a native word "biru", meaning "river".

Its ISO code is PE.

Geography

It is located in Western South America. Peru has a mean elevation of 1,555 m above sea level.

It has a tropical marine climate with a northeast monsoon from November to April and a southwest monsoon from May to October. Its terrain is sometimes rugged, and also made up of plains and jungle.

Population

Peru has a population of 30,741,062 making it the 43rd largest in the world. Almost one-third of the population lives along the desert coastal belt in the west.

Spanish, Quechua, and Aymara are all official languages. The major ethnic groups reported are Amerindian, mestizo, and white. The majority of the population identifies as Roman Catholic.

The dialing code for the country is 51.

Government

Peru is an independent country. It gained independence from Spain in 1821. Its constitution was last ratified in 1993.

Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Peru's GDP is $410,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $13,000.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 47th largest economy and its citizens the 117th richest in the world. The currency of Peru is the Sol (PEN).

Its major export partners are China, the United States, and Switzerland. Its main exports are copper, gold, lead, zinc, and tin. Its major import partners are China, the United States, and Brazil. Its major imports include petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, and plastics.