Where is Ecuador?

Located in Western South America, Ecuador has a 2,237.00 km border with Colombia (708 km) and Peru (1,529 km).Organized illegal narcotics operations in Colombia penetrate across Ecuador's shared border.

Ecuador is a South American country covering 283,561.00 km2 of which 2.37% is water and 276,841.00 km2 is land. The area does include the Galapagos Islands. This makes it the 75th largest country in the world and slightly smaller than Nevada. Its geographic coordinates are 2 00 S, 77 30 W and Quito is the capital city.

The country is named for its position on the globe.

Its ISO code is EC.


Ecuador has a mean elevation of 1,117 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Pacific Ocean. Its highest elevation is Chimborazo which is 6,267m above tall. Since the earth is not a perfect sphere and has an equatorial bulge, the highest point on the planet farthest from its center is Mount Chimborazo not Mount Everest, which is merely the highest peak above sea level.

It has a varied climate that is tropical along the coast and in jungle lowlands, but cooler at higher elevations. Its terrain is characterized by a central plain, central highlands, and flat to rolling eastern jungle.


Ecuador has a population of 16,080,778 making it the 67th largest in the world. The country's population is clustered in the interior, although there are also concentrations along the western coast.

Spanish is the official language. The major ethnic groups reported are mestizo, Montubio, and Amerindian. The majority of the population identifies as Roman Catholic.

The dialing code for the country is 593.


Ecuador is an independent country. It gained independence from Spain in 1822. Its constitution was last ratified in 2008.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Ecuador's GDP is $182,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $11,000.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 65th largest economy and its citizens the 133rd richest in the world. The currency of Ecuador is the Dollar (USD).

Its major export partner is the United States. Its main exports are petroleum, bananas, cut flowers, and shrimp. Its major import partners are the United States, China, and Colombia. Its major imports include industrial materials, fuels and lubricants, and nondurable consumer goods.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017