China's flag is known as the five-star red flag and consists of a red field with five golden stars in the upper-left corner. This flag represents the communist revolution in the country that succeeded in overthrowing the Chinese government in 1949. The flag, which has been in use since this time, was first publicly flown on October 1, 1949, in Tiananmen Square, Beijing while the new leaders announced the formation of the People's Republic of China.
The flag's red background represents communism and the successful revolution in China; red was a favourite colour for communist revolutionaries due to its prevalence within the Soviet Union's flag and symbols. The four smaller gold stars represent the unity of the Chinese people coming together around a central figure (the Communist Party) which is represented by the most significant star on the flag. Furthermore, the four smaller stars can even describe the four classes within Chinese society at the time. The classes consisted of the working class, the peasantry, the urban petite bourgeoisie, and the national bourgeoisie.
In 1949, the Communist Party of China put out a request for submissions for a new flag in various newspaper publications and received 3,012 submissions. Zeng Liangsong, a citizen of Zhejiang, submitted a design that he hoped would reflect his new found patriotism. Inspired by a Chinese proverb, "longing for the stars, longing for the moon", Liangsong created the flag that is still flown today. This patriotic Chinese citizen had a hard time believing his design was chosen until he was officially congratulated and compensated monetarily for his work.
China's flag was an important symbol for a radical changing of government and ideology after a brutal civil conflict led the former regime to flee to Taiwan. The Five-star Red Flag replaced a flag known as The Flag of the Republic Of China which consists of a red background with a blue square housing a white sun in the top left corner. This flag is still used by the nation of Taiwan, where the fleeing army of Kai Chang Shek continued their fight against the new communist government from 1949 onward. This flag is outlawed in several parts of China as it may represent anti-government sentiment.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018
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