Beijing, located in Northern China, is the capital city of the country and has been the center of political activity in the nation for much of the past eight centuries. The city has been inhabited and established since 1046 BC, making Beijing one the oldest cities on the globe. Three main southeasterly flowing rivers (Chaobai, Yongding, and Juma) run through the municipality, and there is also a section of the Great Wall of China running through the northern part of Beijing. Beijing is also home to many major Chinese corporations as well as the busy Beijing Capital Airport.
Beijing has approximately 18.2 million citizens living in the urban/city environment and around 3 million living in rural villages. Within China, Beijing ranks second only to Shanghai regarding urban population, making it one of the most populous cities on earth. The population of the area experienced a massive boom between 1990 and 2013, growing from 10 million people to over 21 million in just 23 years. Around 95% of Beijing residents are ethnic Han Chinese, and on average there are around 200,000 foreigners living in the city at any one time.
Since the city of Beijing has roots that stretch back over 3,000 years, it houses plenty of attractions with significant historical value. Popular attractions include the Great Wall of China and the Grand Canal. Among the many ancient temples in the region, the most well-known is the Temple of Heaven, which is also a UNESCO heritage site. Beijing is hosting the 2022 Winter Olympics which make it the first city in the world to host both the Summer and Winter Olympic Games. The city is also a centre for art and culture within the country as well as being home to several of the country's top universes.
The climate of Beijing is varying and temperatures range from a January average of −3.7°C (25.3°F) while boasting a very lovely 26.2°C (79.2°F) average temperature in July. The city receives 2,671 hours of sunlight per year and approximately 570mm in annual rainfall. Higher humidity during Beijing summers is heavily influenced by the East Asian monsoon season. The coldest temperature in Beijing since records began was recorded in 1966 at −27.4°C (−17.3°F), and the hottest was recorded in 1999 when the city experienced a temperature of 41.9°C (107.4°F).
This page was last modified on November 22nd, 2017