Where is Argentina?

Located in Southern South America, Argentina has a 11,968.00 km border with Bolivia (942 km), Brazil (1,263 km), Chile (6,691 km), Paraguay (2,531 km) and Uruguay (541 km).The Falkland Islands, South Georgia, and South Sandwich Islands have been subject of territorial disputes between Argentina and the United Kingdom.

Argentina is a South American country covering 2,780,400.00 km2 of which 1.57% is water and 2,736,690.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 9th largest country in the world and slightly less than three-tenths the size of the US. Its geographic coordinates are 34 00 S, 64 00 W and Buenos Aires is the capital city.

Its ISO code is AR.


Argentina has a mean elevation of 595 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Laguna del Carbon (located between Puerto San Julian and Comandante Luis Piedra Buena in the province of Santa Cruz) which is -105m below sea level. Its highest elevation is Cerro Aconcagua (located in the northwestern corner of the province of Mendoza; highest point in South America) which is 6,960m above tall.

It has a temperate climate that ranges from arid in the southeast to subantarctic in the southwest. It is characterized by plains in its northern half, plateaus in its south, and the rugged Andes along the western border.


Argentina has a population of 43,886,748 making it the 32nd largest in the world. One-third of the country's population lives in Buenos Aires.

Spanish is the official language; Italian, English and German are also spoken. The most common ethnic groups reported are European and mestizo. The population is mostly Roman Catholic.

The dialing code for the country is 54.


Argentina is an independent country. It gained independence from Spain in 1816. Its constitution was last ratified in 1853.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Argentina's GDP is $879,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $20,200.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 26th largest economy and its citizens the 82nd richest in the world. The currency of Argentina is the Peso (ARS).

Its major export partners are Brazil, China, and the United States. Its main exports are soybeans, petroleum, and vehicles. Its major import partners are Brazil, China, and the United States. Its major imports include machinery, motor vehicles, petroleum, and natural gas.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017