Where is Chile?

Chile is a South American country covering 756,102.00 km2 of which 1.63% is water and 743,812.00 km2 is land. The area includes Easter Island (Isla de Pascua) and Isla Sala y Gomez. This makes it the 39th largest country in the world and slightly smaller than twice the size of Montana. Its geographic coordinates are 30 00 S, 71 00 W and Santiago is the capital city.

Chile has a 7,801.00 km border with Argentina (6,691 km), Bolivia (942 km) and Peru (168 km). Chile and Peru rebuff Bolivia's reactivated claim tor estore the Atacama corridor.

The country's name is said to come from the Mapuche word "chilli" which means "limit of the Earth".

Its ISO code is CL.

Geography

It is located in Southern South America. Chile has a mean elevation of 1,871 m above sea level.

It has a temperate climate that ranges from arid in the north, Mediterranean in the central region and cool and moist in the south. Its terrain consits of low coastal mountains, a fertile central valley, and rugged Andes in the east.

Population

Chile has a population of 17,650,114 making it the 63rd largest in the world. The majority of the country lives in and around the capital of Santiago.

Spanish is the official language and the most widely spoken. The major ethnic groups reported include white and non-indigenous, Mapuche, and Aymara. The majority of the population is Roman Catholic, with large Evangelical and Protestant minorities.

The dialing code for the country is 56.

Government

Chile is an independent country. It gained independence from Spain in 1810. Its constitution was last ratified in 1989.

Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Chile's GDP is $436,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $24,000.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 44th largest economy and its citizens the 75th richest in the world. The currency of Chile is the Peso (CLP).

Its major export partners are China, the United States, and Japan. Its main exports are copper, fruit, fish products, paper, and pulp. Its major import partners are China, Brazil, and Argentina. Its major imports include petroleum and petroleum products, and chemicals.