Antarctica is the southernmost continent of the earth and contains the South Pole. Antarctica does not have permanent residents, as most people visit for a few months and leave. The continent is governed by about 53 countries that have signed a treaty, named the Antarctic treaty, which is used in the governance of the region. The treaty came into force on December 1, 1961. Some countries have laid claims to parts of Antarctica, these countries and their territories include the United Kingdom – British Antarctic Territory, New Zealand – Ross Dependency, France – Adelie Land. There are also Norway – Peter I island, Australia – Australian Antarctic Territory, Norway – Queen Maud Land, Chile – Chilean Antarctic Territory, and Argentina- Argentine Antarctica.

What Does the Election Process Look Like?

As per the treaty, no military equipment, weapon testing or war is allowed in Antarctica. The area could be used for scientific studies by different countries. 29 consultative nations meet yearly to make decisions about Antarctica. The nations consist of those who are actively engaged in scientific studies in the continent. The Antarctic Treaty Secretariat was formed on September 1, 2004. The Secretariat is tasked with preparing and supporting the consultative meetings, publishing reports of the meetings, ease communication between member states of the treaty and to supply information to the public about the Antarctic Treaty. The secretariat’s headquarters is based at Buenos Aires, Argentina.

Where Is the House of Paliament Found?

There is no house of parliament or any presidential residence in Antarctica. Meetings to discuss pertinent issues are held in one of the consultative nations yearly on a rotational basis. The meetings take about ten working days between May and July. There can also be scheduled meetings, which may consist of a meeting of experts, which are held at an agreed state. The other 24 countries are allowed to attend the meetings though only the 29 consultative countries are allowed to make decisions.

What Are the Political Parties of the Country?

The consultative nations include South Africa, the United Kingdom, Russia, Poland, the US, Japan, Belgium, Chile, Norway, France, New Zealand, and Australia. Other members include Argentina, Netherlands, Bulgaria, Germany, Brazil, Uruguay, Peru, Italy, the People’s Republic of China, Spain, Sweden, India, Ecuador, Finland, Ukraine, and Korea.

This page was last modified on February 7th, 2018