The capital city of Angola is Luanda, located on Angola's Atlantic Ocean coastline in the northwestern section of the country. The city was formerly known as Sao Paulo da Assuncao de Loanda while under Portuguese administration (1575-1975). Luanda is the largest city in the country as well as being the most populous, with approximately six million people living in the metropolitan area. Luanda is the administrative centre of the nation as well as the city being home to the chief seaport of the country. The city is also the primary cultural and industrial centre of Angola and ranks as the fifth largest Portuguese speaking city on earth.
The population of Luanda was last measured in the national census of 2014 and was found to be approximately 2.82 million but is estimated to be at over 5 million today. Mainly, the residents are of African ethnic groups such as Ambundu, Bakongo, and Ovimbundu but the city provides a wide variety of ethnicities. There are sizable minority populations of Brazilians, Chinese, Portuguese and Lebanese within the city.
In recent years, historic sites, such as the Fortress of Sao Miguel, have been restored and make for excellent tourist attractions. The Porto de Luanda (Port of Luanda) serves the growing region and makes up a large chunk of the city economy. The Cidade Alta in Luanda is another famous attraction in the city, and the area is dotted with pink colonial buildings. The Memorial to Antonio Agostinho Neto is a sombre location, used for meditative thought surrounding independence.
The climate of Luanda is classified as a hot, semi-arid environment which will see a lot of dryness in the area. The driest months in the country occur from June-October and these months will see minuscule or even no rain during this time. The rainy season in Luanda takes place during March and April and these two months see the majority of the annual rainfall of the region. The average high during the hottest months (February and March) is 30.5 degrees Celsius (86.9 degrees Fahrenheit). The average low during the cooler month of July and August is a balmy 18.7 degrees Celsius (65.8 degrees Fahrenheit).
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018
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