The capital and largest city of Algeria is Algiers, located in the northern part of the country near the Bay of Algiers and the Mediterranean Sea. The city has been the capital of the region since the country was a state within the Ottoman Empire for over 300 years (1515-1830). The city remained the capital throughout French colonial rule. Algiers was a focal point of violence during the Algerian War of Independence and became the site of many atrocities from both sides.

Algiers city has a population of approximately 3.5 million (2011 national census), and the surrounding areas contain an additional 1.5 million people, bringing the population of the metropolitan area to 5 million. Algiers draws 53% of its population from an Arabic-speaking background and 44% from a Berber-speaking background. Roughly 3% of residents in the city are foreign-born.

Algiers is home to many hotels and resorts such as the Club of the Pines, Douaouda, Palm Beach, Sidi Fredj, and Zeralda. Algiers also has the country's first water park which makes for a fun summer outing. Algeria is somewhat of a hidden North African gem and worth exploring. The city is also home to an athletics venue, golf course, tennis courts, and an Olympic-sized swimming pool. Algeria's tourism infrastructure is growing due to many ongoing development projects, but it is not as large as some of the tourist facilities in neighbouring cities in Morocco or Tunisia.

The environment of Algiers can be classified as a Mediterranean climate, characterised by moderate to high temperatures. The yearly average rainfall is 600 millimetres (24 inches), and the majority of this comes between October and April. The climate of Algiers somewhat resembles the environment of Mediterranean coastal Spain rather than that of North Africa. The average high during the peak of summer (August) is 32.2 degrees Celsius (90 degrees Fahrenheit) and the average low during the coldest month (January) is 5.5 degrees Celsius (41.9 degrees Fahrenheit).

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018