The capital of Uruguay is Montevideo, which is located at the mouth of the Río de la Plata along the southern coast of the country. It has the distinction of being the most southern capital in the Americas. On its western side, this city is bordered by the Santa Lucía river. Beginning in the late 17th century, Portuguese colonizers began to settle in this region. By 1724, however, Spanish colonizers forced the Portuguese out of the area and founded the city of Montevideo. This city quickly grew in economic importance and after a little over a century of territorial conflict, Montevideo became the capital of the newly independent Uruguay in 1828.
The population of the city proper of Montevideo is around 1,305,082. The entire metropolitan area, however, has a population size of over 1.9 million. This number makes Montevideo the most populated city in Uruguay and home to approximately one-third of the total national population. This ciity saw some of its fastest growth throughout the 20th century, when it received large numbers of immigrants from several European countries.
Montevideo is a popular tourist destination in Uruguay. In fact, the tourism industry here contributes a large percentage to the national revenue. Most tourists in Montevideo are interested in the historic area of the city, known as Ciudad Vieja. This neighborhood offers museums, interesting architecture, and the government plaza. Given its location on the coast, visitors to Montevideo also enjoy spending time on the beaches, which usually involves walking along the Rambla and visiting the Fortaleza del Cerro (a Spanish colonial military fort). Other popular places in Montevideo include: Palacio Salvo, Solis Theater, Barros Sur, and Punta Gorda.
Montevideo is located within a humid subtropical climate, although the city generally experiences mild temperatures. Between June and September, this city experiences the winter season with cooler temperatures and wet climate. From December to March, Montevideo is in the hot, summer season. Springtime here, considered October and November, is characterized by strong storms. The highest temperature on record for this city is recorded as 109° fahrenheit. Montevideo receives around 43.35 inches of precipitation on an annual basis.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018
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