London is the capital city of the United Kingdom. The city sits pretty on River Thames in the south-east of the island of Great Britain. The city’s history dates back to 43 AD when the Romans invaded Britain and later established a town in 50 AD. London's official capital status, firstly in England and then later in the UK, has never been made formal. The capital of England became London, taking over from Winchester after the Palace of Westminster became the official residence of the monarch and thus the political capital of the nation in the thirteenth century. London, which encompasses a total area of 1,583 square kilometers, had a population of approximately 8,787,892 as of 2016, the largest of any city in the European Union and accounting for 13.4% of the UK’s population.

London, as well as its surrounding areas, makes up a vast and sprawling metropolis area. While Greater London has a population of around 8.7 million, the metro area of the city is home to around 14 million people. London is on Greenwich Mean Time, except for in the summer, when British Summer Time is kept.

London boasts of numerous attraction sites like the four World Heritage Sites and world-class museums. Among the most famous attractions are the Tower Bridge, the Big Ben Clock Tower, the Shard, the London Eye, and The Monument.

London has a temperate oceanic climate. This type of climate features warm summers with cool winters, and an annual temperature range which experiences little variation. London typically lacks a dry season because precipitation spreads evenly throughout the year. Average summertime day temperatures in London range between 68 °F and 78.8 °F. Nevertheless, previous records show extreme temperatures as high as 100 °F. Although people describe London as a rainy city, it receives less precipitation in a year than what is commonly assumed. The summers are mild but generally warm while winters are generally cold, cloudy and damp with little temperature variation and the occasional snowfall.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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