The capital of Thailand is Bangkok, located in the southern part of the country on the banks of the Chao Phraya river. The city occupies an area of 1,568.7 square kilometres (605.7 square miles). Bangkok has roots as far back as the 15th century during the rule of the Ayutthaya Kingdom, and in the late 1700s, the area became the site of two major cities, Thonburi and Rattanakosin. The region was at the forefront of modernisation under the King of Siam's rule and also experienced rapid growth from the 1960s to the 1980s. The city is the most significant in the country regarding education, media, finance, and politics.
The current population of the city of Bangkok is estimated at over 9 million, but the last census in 2010 shows 8.28 million inhabitants within urban Bangkok. The surrounding areas, known as the Bangkok Metropolitan Region, are home to an additional 14 million inhabitants. The city contains over 12 percent of the population of the entire country, and the surrounding area contains 22 percent of the population of Thailand. The population density in Bangkok city is 5,300 per square kilometre (14,000 people per square miles) which ranks it within the top 40 cities in the world regarding population density.
Bangkok is always ranked among the top tourist destinations in the world and for a good reason. The Grand Palace, as well as the major Buddhist temples in the city, provide an insight into traditional culture and religion of the region. Some of the best shopping in the city can be found in Chatuchak Weekend Market, the Taling Chan Floating Market, and Khao San Road.
The climate of Bangkok is a tropical savanna climate, heavily influenced by the South Asian monsoons. There are three seasons in Bangkok: hot, rainy, and cool. Temperatures are reasonably hot year-round and in December, the middle of winter, the average low is a balmy 22.0 degrees Celsius. The average high in April is 35.4 degrees Celsius.
This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018