Where is Sudan?

Located in Northeastern Africa, Sudan has a 6,819.00 km border with Central African Republic (174 km), Chad (1,403 km), Egypt (1,276 km), Eritrea (682 km), Ethiopia (744 km), Libya (382 km) and South Sudan (2,158 km).The effects of Sudan's ethnic and rebel militia fighting have penetrated all of its neighboring states.

Sudan is an African country covering 1,861,484.00 km2. This makes it the 17th largest country in the world and slightly less than one-fifth the size of the US. Its geographic coordinates are 15 00 N, 30 00 E and Khartoum is the capital city.

The name Sudan comes from the Arabic "bilad-as-sudan", meaning "Land of the Black people".

Its ISO code is SD.


Sudan has a mean elevation of 568 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Red Sea. Its highest elevation is Jabal Marrah which is 3,071m above tall.

It has a tropical climate moderated by trade winds. Its terrain is generally flat, with desert in the north.


Sudan has a population of 36,729,501 making it the 37th largest in the world. The majority of the country is sparsely populated.

Arabic and English are both official languages. The majority ethnic group is Sudanese Arab. The majority of the population is Sunni Muslim.

The dialing code for the country is 249.


Sudan is an independent country. It gained independence from Egypt and the United Kingdom in 1956. Its constitution was last ratified in 2005.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Sudan's GDP is $176,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $4,500.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 66th largest economy and its citizens the 166th richest in the world. The currency of Sudan is the Pound (SDG).

Its major export partners are the United Arab Emirates, Macau, and Saudi Arabia. Its main exports are gold, oil and petroleum products, cotton, sesame, and livestock. Its major import partners are Macau, the United Arab Emirates, and India. Its major imports include foodstuffs, manufactured goods, and medicines.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017