Where is Singapore?

Located in Southeastern Asia, Singapore is an island nation. It has a 193.00 km coastline. Singapore has disputes with Malaysia over the delivery of fresh water.

The Republic of Singapore's capital city is Singapore. The city is in the southern part of the island. The capital is the center of one of the most vibrant commercial center in the world. The population of the city is 5,470,000 residents. The residents comprise of citizens, permanent, and non-permanent residents. Singapore has various tourist attraction sites. The city experiences a tropical climate, which is hot and humid throughout the year. Rainfall is approximately at 2340 mm annually. April is the warmest month, while November is the coldest. The city experiences two monsoons, the southeast and the northeast monsoons. Thunderstorms always accompany the southeast monsoon. Temperatures in Singapore are at an average of 25 degree Celsius and 31 degree Celsius, while humidity levels throughout the years are at 70% to 80%. The best month to visit is January when the climate is favorable.

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Singapore is an Asian country covering 697.00 km2 of which 1.43% is water and 687.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 19th smallest country in the world and about 4 times smaller than Rhode Island. Its geographic coordinates are 1 22 N, 103 48 E and Singapur is the capital city.

The name Singapore comes from the Sanskrit word "Singa", meaning lion, and "pura", meaning city.

Its ISO code is SG.

Geography

Singapore has a mean elevation of 0 m above sea level.

It has a tropical marine climate with modern temperatures due to northeast trade winds. Its terrain is lowlying, with a central plateau.

Population

Singapore has a population of 5,781,728 making it the 113th largest in the world. The majority of the country's urbanization is along the southern coast.

Madarin, English, Malay, and Tamil are all official languages. The major ethnic groups reported are Chinese, Malay, Indian, and other. the majority of the population is Buddhist, Muslim, Taoist, or Hindu.

Singapore has four national languages. English is the official language of instructions in school and administration while Malay is national symbolic language. Mandarin and Tamil are also commonly spoken and are taught in schools under the bilingual learning system. Other minority languages in Singapore include Cantonese and Hokkien, among the Creole languages that have developed in the country.

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The dialing code for the country is 65.

Government

Singapore is an independent country. It gained independence from the Malaysian Federation in 1965. Its constitution was last ratified in 1965.

The island of Singapore has a democratic system of government where the government’s head is the prime minister while the president is the chief of state. Power is further divided into three branches of government which are the legislature (responsible with making laws), the judiciary (interprets the laws through the courts) and the executive (who rules the country). Singapore’s political landscape consists of a multiparty system with several parties actively involved in the politics. The current political party that formed the government has been in power since its formation in 1963. The legislative house of Singapore is located in the civic district. It was constructed between 1955 to 1999. The building was designed by the public works department and features a neoclassic design. The building was designed in a classical architectural style to blend well with other buildings in the area. It was opened on September 6, 1999. Presidential elections are held after six years when the presidential term comes to an end. In Singapore, anyone 21 years old and above is eligible to vote, and voting is compulsory.

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Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Singapore's GDP is $488,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $87,100.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 40th largest economy and its citizens the 6th richest in the world. The currency of Singapore is the Dollar (SGD).

Its major export partners are China, Hong Kong, and Malaysia. Its main exports are machinery and equipment, pharmaceuticals and other chemicals, and refined petroleum products. Its major import partners are China, the United States, and Malaysia. Its major imports include machinery, mineral fuels, and chemicals.

Flag

The flag of Singapore comprises of two equal stripes of the colors red and white. The red stripe is above the white stripe. On the red stripe, a crescent with stars forms a circular shape. When Singapore got its independence, the current flag was unveiled during the inauguration of the head of state in 1959. The flag was later officially adopted in 1965 after the country attained full independence from the British. Apart from the flag being unveiled on inauguration day, Singapore also got their national anthem and the state crest. The stars on the current flag represent justice, equality, progress, democracy, and peace. The red color stands for equality and brotherhood while the white color symbolizes virtue and purity. A committee made the current flag under the guidance of the then deputy prime minister Dr. Toh Chin Chye. Singapore's previous flags were all based on the Jack Union flag used in Britain. The flags were comprised of a blue ensign and three crowns for each member in the Straits Settlement. A red inverted pall separated the crowns. The last flag to be used before the current flag had the British ensign with a white ball. The ball has a crown in the middle with three stripes. The flag was in use until 1959.

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This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018