The country of Serbia is a republic. According to the 2006 Constitution of Serbia its government operates under a parliamentary democracy system led by a prime minister and divided into three distinct branches; executive, legislative, and judiciary. The country’s president plays a mostly symbolic role with the office of prime minister serving as head of the executive branch of government.

The people of Serbia elect both the legislature and the president. The nation’s governmental body is known as The National Assembly of Serbia which includes 250 members all of whom serve for a period of four years. The country has a multi-party system and in cases where no one party has a clear majority parties must form coalitions in order to form the government. Parties must have at least 5% of the votes in an election in order to qualify for seats in the National Assembly. In the case of national minority parties, however, only 0.4% of the country’s total votes are required. There are no term limits regarding Serbia’s prime ministers.

The governing body of Serbia, the National Assembly of Serbia, conducts the business of the nation in the appropriately named House of the National Assembly of Serbia which is located in Belgrade on Nikola Pašić Square. Initial construction of this historic building began in 1907 but the structure wasn’t formally dedicated until 1936. The building once served as the site of the Parliament of Yugoslavia as well as the Parliament of Serbia and Montenegro before assuming its present role. The official residence of Serbia’s head of state is the Novi dvor in Belgrade.

Serbia has a multiparty system of government. Major political parties include the Serbian Progressive Party, the Serbian Radical Party, and the Socialist Party of Serbia.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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