Where is Serbia?

Located in Southeastern Europe, Serbia has a 2,322.00 km border with Bosnia and Herzegovina (345 km), Bulgaria (344 km), Croatia (314 km), Hungary (164 km), Kosovo (366 km), Macedonia (101 km), Montenegro (157 km) and Romania (531 km). Serbia protests the United States' recognition of Kosovo as a sovereign state.

Serbia’s capital city, Belgrade, has a history of conflict and sustained significant damage in both World Wars. With a name that translates to “white city” Belgrade was initially named a capital city after World War I. Currently afforded the status of a Beta-Global city the capital is divided into seventeen municipalities and is home to about 1,166,763 residents or 24% of the country’s total population. The capital is home to historic landmarks and cultural centers unique to Eastern Europe. Belgrade’s National Museum is renowned as a Monument of Culture of Great Importance and houses an extensive array of artwork by international artists. The capital city experiences four distinct seasons.

Read more on Serbia's Capital

Serbia is a European country covering 77,474.00 km2. This makes it the 115th largest country in the world and slightly smaller than South Carolina. Its geographic coordinates are 44 00 N, 21 00 E and Belgrade is the capital city.

The name Serbia is said to come from the name of the West Slavic Sorbs.

Its ISO code is RS.

Geography

Serbia has a mean elevation of 442 m above sea level.

It has a tropical marine climate with a cooler season from late May to September and a warmer season from March to May. Its terrain is very varied, with plains in the east, and mountains and hills in the southest.

Population

Serbia has a population of 7,143,921 making it the 102nd largest in the world. The country has a fairly evenly distributed population.

Serbian is the official language. The major ethnic groups are Serb, Hungarians, and Romani. The majority of the population is Orthodox Christian.

The Serbian language is derived from a variety of Serbo-Croatian. The language is unique in that it utilizes two different types of writing systems; Latin and Cyrillic, The official script of the Serbian government is Cyrillic, which was created in 1814, and is also the native tongue of about 88% of the nation’s citizens. Cyrillic has an alphabet that consists of twenty five consonants and five vowels. Other minority languages spoken in Serbia include Albanian, Bosnian, Hungarian, Romanian, Slovak, Croatian, Bulgarian, and Rusyn. Some common phrases in Serbian which are useful to know include, “??????/Zdravo, “for a simple greeting and, “?pa?o ?? je/Drago mi je,” for “pleased to meet you”.

Read more on Serbia's Languages

The dialing code for the country is 381.

Government

Serbia is an independent country. It gained independence from the State Union of Serbia and Montenegro in 2006. Its constitution was last ratified in 2006.

Serbia, officially known as the Republic of Serbia, operates under a democratic parliamentary system. The nation’s 2006 constitution sets out the division of powers for the executive, legislative, and judicial branches of government. The people of Serbia elect its legislature as well as the country’s president. The prime minister is then appointed by the president. Although the country has both a president and prime minister the president’s role is largely symbolic with the prime minister serving as head of state. The country’s National Assembly, which is made up of 250 members, meets in Belgrade’s House of the National Assembly of Serbia, located in Nikola Paši? Square.

Read more on Serbia's Government

Economy

Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Serbia's GDP is $102,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $14,200.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 82nd largest economy and its citizens the 111th richest in the world. The currency of Serbia is the Dinar (RSD).

Its major export partners are Italy, Germany, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Its main exports are automobiles, iron and steel, rubber, clothes, wheat, fruit, and vegetables. Its major import partners are Germany, Italy, and Russia. Its major imports include machinery and transport equipment, fuels and lubricants, and manufactured goods.

Flag

Serbia is a country that has undergone significant political turmoil throughout its long and storied history. Likewise, the nation’s official flag has changed and evolved over time. What has remained constant, however, are the three central colors featured on the flag; red, blue, and white which are culturally and traditionally considered Pan-Slavic colors and can also be found on the flags of other neighboring European nations. The current version of the Serbian flag contains the symbolic double headed eagle along which references to the nation’s past as a part of the Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes - all of which later united to become the country of Yugoslavia.

Read more on Serbia's Flag

This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018