The political system of Senegal takes place in a semi-presidential democratic republic with the President holding the head of state position and the Prime Minister holding the position of the head of government. Executive power is held by the President and legislative power is held by the government and parliament. Senegal is one of the most politically stable African nations in modern history having never experienced a harsh dictatorship or coop d'etat since 1960.


Presidential elections take place every seven years, although, as mentioned earlier, the current president is campaigning for five-year terms. The next presidential election is scheduled to take place in 2019. Parliamentary elections for the seats in the National Assembly take place every five years and the last took place on 30 July 2017. The Prime Minister of Senegal is directly appointed by the president and is not elected by the people.

The parliament of Senegal is located in the capital city of Dakar on the western coast. The National Assembly as it is known consists of 150 seats with an additional 15 member seats for overseas voters. Senegal has a reputation for transparency and fairness in government operations with low levels of the economic corruption that has plagued the development of neighbouring countries. Observers claim the parliament of Senegal is widely ceremonial as they will rarely introduce legislation or vote down any legislation proposed by the ruling government.


Senegal operates with a multi-party political system. Some of these parties include the African Independence Party, the Alliance for the Republic, and the National Democratic Rally.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018