The political system of the Democratic Republic of the Congo has transitioned from a nation embattled in a civil war into a semi-presidential republic that holds elections. The Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo was voted in through a nationwide referendum and this document aimed to decentralise authority, creating 25 somewhat autonomous provinces in the nation. The government is separated into three branches of power: the executive, legislative, and judiciary.

The first national democratic elections in the country in 46 years were held on 30 July 2006 and for the most part, the voting on this day was peaceful. The international community donated approximately $460 million to fund the 2006 national elections in the country, and the UN deployed an extensive peacekeeping operation during the voting process. Subsequent elections have been held in 2007 and 2011, and the next presidential election is scheduled (although it has been delayed several times) for 2018. Elections in the country are highly scrutinized, and voting can be hard to access for some in the country due to lack of infrastructure.

The national parliament of the Democratic Republic of the Congo meets at the People's Palace in the capital city of Kinshasa. The structure was completed in 1979 with a loan from China. In January 2015, protesters gathered outside the People's Palace to protest President Kabila's delayed elections which caused the government to respond with brutal violence, killing 42 people. The delayed elections also lead to U.S-backed sanctions on specific members of government as well as the United Nations condemning the delay in the democratic process.

There are over 250 political parties registered in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018

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