Where is Republic of the Congo?

Located in Central Africa, Republic of the Congo has a 5,008.00 km border with Angola (231 km), Cameroon (494 km), Central African Republic (487 km), Democratic Republic of the Congo (1,229 km) and Gabon (2,567 km). It has a 169.00 km coastline. The location of the boundary in the Congo River is undefined with the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Although the area has been inhabited for over 90,000 years by the Bantu people as a fishing and trading village, the city of Kinshasa was given official status in 1881 by King Leopold II of Belgium. Leopoldville, as it was known, was founded as private property but this area has now burgeoned into a mega-city. The city is located in the western part of the country and is near the Congo River. The climate of Kinshasa is classified as a tropical wet and dry environment with a long rainy season that occurs from October to May. The dry season in the country runs from June-September and is considered somewhat short in comparison to other African countries in the same area. Over 11 million people live in Kinshasa today, and this equates to roughly 15% of the population of the country. Kinshasa is the third-largest city in Africa after Cairo and Lagos and remains an important trading hub in the continent today. The city is the largest urban area that speaks French as the primary language, recently surpassing Paris. The indigenous people of the region include the Humbu and Teke peoples who have resided in the area for centuries.

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Republic of the Congo is an African country covering 342,000.00 km2 of which 0.15% is water and 341,500.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 63rd largest country in the world and slightly smaller than Montana. Its geographic coordinates are 1 00 S, 15 00 E and Brazzaville is the capital city.

The congo is named for the Congo River, which lies on its eastern border.

Its ISO code is CG.


Republic of the Congo has a mean elevation of 430 m above sea level.

It has a tropical climate with a rainy season from March to June and a dry season from June to October. Its terrain consists of a coastal plain, southern basin, central plateau, and northern basin.


Republic of the Congo has a population of 4,852,412 making it the 124th largest in the world.

French is the official language; Lingala and Monokutuba are widely spoken. The majority ethnic groups are Kongo, Sangha, and M'Bochi. The majority of the population identifies as Christian.

The official language of the Democratic Republic of the Congo is French. There are four additional languages, all indigenous to the country, which also hold official status. These four national languages are Kitub (also known as Kikongo), Lingala, Swahili, and Tshuluba. While the country was a colony of Belgium it became one of the only countries in African history to be colonised while maintaining education and communications in their local languages. Minority languages in the country are numerous with over 215 languages being used in the nation today. The most common minority languages include Budza, Chokwe, Komo, Lendu, and Zande, just to name a few. These languages are usually regional in their dispersal throughout the country. The International Organization of Francophonie (OIF) put out a report in 2014 that stated 47% of the population of the Democratic Republic of the Congo could speak, read, and write in French. This percentage equates to roughly 33 million people. In the capital city of Kinshasa, approximately two-thirds (67%) of the population is literate in French, either as their first or second language. Currently, the Democratic Republic of the Congo is the most-populous French-speaking country outside of France.

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The dialing code for the country is 242.


Republic of the Congo is an independent country. It became independent from France in 1960. Its constitution was last ratified in 2005.

The political system of the Democratic Republic of the Congo has transitioned from a nation embattled in a civil war into a semi-presidential republic that holds elections. The Constitution of the Democratic Republic of the Congo was voted in through a nationwide referendum and this document aimed to decentralize authority, creating 25 somewhat autonomous provinces in the nation. Governmental authority is separated into three branches of power, the executive, legislative, and judiciary. The first national democratic elections in the country in 46 years were held on 30 July 2006 and for the most part, the voting on this day was peaceful. The international community donated approximately $460 million to fund the 2006 national elections in the country, and the UN deployed an extensive peacekeeping operation during the voting process. Subsequent elections have been held in 2007 and 2011, and the next presidential election is scheduled (although it has been delayed several times) for 2018. Elections in the country are highly scrutinized, and voting can be hard to access for some in the country due to lack of infrastructure.

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The currency of Republic of the Congo is the Franc (XAF).

Its major export partners are China, Italy, and India. Its main exports are petroleum, lumber, and plywood. Its major import partners are China, France, and South Korea. Its major imports include capital equipment, construction materials, and foodstuffs.


The flag of the Democratic Republic of the Congo consists of a sky blue field that is divided diagonally through the middle by a red stripe that is outlined in yellow. There is also a five-pointed yellow star in the top left-hand corner of the flag. This banner was officially adopted by the nation during February of 2006. The design of this flag has never been attributed to one person or group because it is an amalgamation of the previous flags of the country. It is easy to see the inspiration for the modern national banner in the previous flags of the country. There have been eight different flags used by the state since 1877, including the current banner. The first flag of the nation was a simple royal blue flag with a five-pointed yellow star in the centre. As mentioned earlier, the two flags in use from 1963-1966 and 1966-1971 are very similar to the current flag except for them being royal blue instead of sky blue.

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This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018