Where is Papua New Guinea?

Located in Oceania, Papua New Guinea has a 824.00 km border with Indonesia.Papua New Guinea relies on assistance from Australia in order to keep out illegal cross-border activities.

Papua New Guinea is an Oceanian country covering 462,840.00 km2 of which 2.16% is water and 452,860.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 56th largest country in the world and slightly larger than California. Its geographic coordinates are 6 00 S, 147 00 E and Port Moresby is the capital city.

The name Papua New Guinea comes from the Malay "papuah", which was used to describe frizzy hair of Melanesian people.

Its ISO code is PG.


Papua New Guinea has a mean elevation of 667 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is Pacific Ocean. Its highest elevation is Mount Wilhelm which is 4,509m above tall.

It has a subtropical to temperate climate, ranging from heavy rainfall in the eastern portions and semiarid in the far west. Its terrain is mostly mountainous with coastal lowlands and rolling foothills.


Papua New Guinea has a population of 6,791,317 making it the 105th largest in the world.

Tok Pisin, English, and Hiri Motu are all official languauges; over 839 indigenous languages are also spoken. The major ethnic groups reported are Melanesian, Papuan, Negrito, and Micronesian. The majority of the country is either Roman Catholic or Protestant.

The dialing code for the country is 675.


Papua New Guinea is an independent country. It gained independence from Australian-administered UN trusteeship in 1975. Its constitution was last ratified in 1975.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Papua New Guinea's GDP is $28,020,000,000.00 (USD) with $3,500.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 134th largest economy and its citizens the 176th richest in the world. The currency of Papua New Guinea is the Kina (PGK).

Its major export partners are Japan, Australia, and China. Its main exports are oil, gold, copper ore, logs, palm oil, and coffee. Its major import partners are Australia, China, and Singapore. Its major imports include machinery and transport equipment, manufactured goods, and food.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017