Where is Taiwan?

Located in Eastern Asia, Taiwan is an island nation.Taiwan is involved in a complex dispute with Brunei, China, Malaysia, the Philippines, and Vietnam over the Spratly Islands.

Taiwan is an Asian country covering 35,980.00 km2 of which 10.34% is water and 32,260.00 km2 is land. The area includes includes the Pescadores, Matsu, and Quemoy islands. This makes it the 110th smallest region in the world and slightly smaller than Maryland and Delaware combined. Its geographic coordinates are 23 30 N, 121 00 E and Taipei is the capital city.

The name comes from "Tayowan", which was the name of the coastal sandbank where the former Dutch colonial headquarters stood.

Its ISO code is TW.

Its constitution was last ratified in 1947.


Taiwan has a mean elevation of 1,150 m above sea level. Its lowest elevation is South China Sea. Its highest elevation is Yu Shan which is 3,952m above tall.

It has a continental climate with hot summers and mild winters; some areas in the mountainous regions are semiarid. Its terrain consists of rugged mountains and gently rolling plains.


Taiwan has a population of 23,464,787 making it the 55th largest in the world. The majority of the population can be found on the periphery.

Mandarin Chinese is the official language. More than 95% of the population identifies as Han Chinese. The majority of the population identifies as having Buddhist, Taoist, and to a lesser extent, Christian, beliefs.

The dialing code for the country is 886.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Taiwan's GDP is $1,130,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $49,500.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 21st largest economy and its citizens the 27th richest in the world. The currency of Taiwan is the Dollar (TWD).

Its major export partners are China, Hong Kong, and the United States. Its main exports are semiconductors, petrochemicals, automobile/auto parts, and ships. Its major import partners are Japan, China, and the United States. Its major imports include oil, semiconductors, natural gas, and coal.

This page was last modified on September 6th, 2017