Where is Pakistan?

Located in Southern Asia, Pakistan has a 7,257.00 km border with Afghanistan (2,670 km), China (438 km), India (3,190 km) and Iran (959 km). It has a 1,046.00 km coastline. Various talks and confidence building measures have begun to defuse tensions over the disputed territory of Kashmir.

The capital city of Pakistan is Islamabad. It also serves as the administrative capital of the country. The name Islam-abad means the City of Islam. The city covers an area of 349.81 square miles, and it is governed by the Islamabad Metropolitan Corporation with support from the Capital Development Authority. Islamabad’s master-plan divides it into eight zones including a diplomatic enclave, administrative zone, residential areas, industrial sector, commercial district, rural areas, green area, and an educational sector. Islamabad is an alpha city, and it contributes about 1% to the nation’s GDP. Its Human Development Index of 0.87 is categorized as very high, and it is among the safest cities in Pakistan.

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Pakistan is an Asian country covering 796,095.00 km2 of which 3.17% is water and 770,875.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 35th largest country in the world and slightly more than five times the size of Georgia slightly less than twice the size of California. Its geographic coordinates are 30 00 N, 70 00 E and Islamabad is the capital city.

The word "pak" means "pure" in Persian or Pashto, "whereas "stan" is Persian for "place" or "country".

Its ISO code is PK.


Pakistan has a mean elevation of 900 m above sea level.

It has a desret climate that is temperate in the northwest and arctic in the north. Its terrain is divided into three main areas: the north highlands, the plain in the center and the east, and the Balochistan Plateau in the south and west.


Pakistan has a population of 201,995,540 making it the 6th largest in the world. The majority of the country lives nearby the Indus River.

Punjabi, Sindhi, and Saraiki are all commonly spoken. The major ethnic groups are Palauan, Carolinian, and Asian. The majority of the country identifies as Muslim.

The national language of Pakistan is Urdu. It is also the official language of the country, alongside English, which was a colonial language. In 2015, however, the Pakistani government announced plans to abolish English as a co-official language and make Urdu the only official language of the country. English is mostly used in the government and as a medium of instruction in schools. The religious language of Pakistan Muslims is Arabic, and it is taught in mosques, madrassahs, schools, and other learning institutions. Other foreign languages spoken in the country include Persian and Turkic which were introduced into the country by Mughals. Pakistan also has a sign language known as the Indo-Pakistan Sign Language and more than 50 minor languages.

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The dialing code for the country is 92.


Pakistan is an independent country. It gained independence from British India in 1947. Its constitution was last ratified in 1973.

The Islamic Republic of Pakistan is the fifth most populous country in the world with a population estimate of 207,774,520 in 2017. The nation is found in the southern region of Asia. Pakistan covers an area of 340,509 square miles. The Dominion of Pakistan was established in 1947 as an independent country for Indian Muslims, and it became an Islamic state through a 1956 constitution. Pakistan, as it is now, was formed in 1971 after seceding with East Pakistan, currently known as Bangladesh. Later in 1973, the nation adopted its current constitution which established its present system of governance and administrative divisions.

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Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Pakistan's GDP is $988,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $5,100.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 25th largest economy and its citizens the 165th richest in the world. The currency of Pakistan is the Rupee (PKR).

Its major export partners are the United States, the United Arab Emirates, and Afghanistan. Its main exports are textiles, rice, leather goods, sporting goods, chemicals, and carpets. Its major import partners are China, Saudi Arabia, and the United Arab Emirates. Its major imports include petroleum, petroleum products, and machinery.


The national flag of Pakistan was also the official flag of the Pakistan Dominion which was formed when the country gained independence in 1947. Pakistanis fly the flag on important days such as Independence Day, Defence Day, and Republic Day. The flag is also hoisted at schools, government buildings, and offices each morning to the tune of the national anthem and it is lowered again in the evening before sunset. Hundreds of spectators gather to witness a pompous and enthusiastic flag raising and lowering ceremony at the Wagar Border every day. The flag is a symbol of Pakistan’s sovereignty, and it features in verse three of Pakistan’s national anthem.

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This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018

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