The capital city of Norfolk Island is Kingston, located in the southeastern part of the country. The town was founded by British settlers in 1788 who had sailed from Port Jackson in New South Wales, Australia. Initially, the town of Kingston was known as Sydney Bay and was named Town of Sydney in 1796. Between 1825 and 1855, 1,200 Australian convicts were used to construct the some of the buildings in the city that remain today.

The tiny island consists of just 34.6 square kilometres (13.36 square miles), the majority of citizens live in Kingston. The population of the entire country is just 1,748 and puts the nation only behind the Vatican regarding smallest country by permanent population size. 880 of these people live in the city of Kingston. Most citizens are of Australian descent (79%), but there are also New Zealanders (13.3%), Fijians (2.5%), and other minority groups such as English and Filipino residing in the country.

The setting of Kingston provides for a multitude of beach activities such as swimming, snorkelling, and fishing in Emily or Slaughter Bay. The Queen Elizabeth Lookout is an excellent piece of colonial architecture that also provides a fantastic view of the city. The Norfolk Island Museum is a highly rated attraction, as is the picturesque golf course. This little city is a gem in the South Pacific Ocean.

The climate of Kingston is classified as a subtropical oceanic environment with mild, spring-like weather for the majority of the year. During the warmest part of the year (January and February), the daytime temperature usually averages 25 degrees Celsius (77 degrees Fahrenheit) and falls to 20 degrees Celsius (68 degrees Fahrenheit) during the night. During the cooler months of July and August, high temperatures average around 18 degrees Celsius (64 degrees Fahrenheit), and lows will average approximately 13 degrees Celsius (55 degrees Fahrenheit). It frequently rains in Kingston, but there is a decent amount of yearly sunshine.

This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018