The flag of Niger has three color bands which are orange, white, and green. They are all of equal size. The orange is at the top, white is in the middle of the flag, and the green color at the bottom of the flag. There is an orange circle in the center of the flag positioned in the white color band. The official name of the flag is called the "Flag of Niger" and was adopted on November 23, 1959.

The upper orange color of Niger's flag symbolizes the northern regions of the Sahara Desert which covers the northern part of the country. The white color at the center of the flag symbolizes purity and innocence of the Niger citizens - it also represents River Niger which is the main river in the country. The lower green band symbolizes the hope and fertile regions of Southern and Western Niger where agriculture is widely practiced. The orange color which is circular and is in the middle of the white band symbolizes the sun and independence of the country.

The flag was designed in 1958, a year before Niger got independence. After independence, the flag was retained, and it has never been changed despite numerous constitutional changes in Niger. The flag acts as a national symbol of the country.

Before the adoption of the current flag and before Niger gained independence, the flag that was used in Niger was a tricolored flag. The colors were Blue, White and red arranged in a vertical manner and all the three bands had same sizes. This flag was used from 1922 when the French colonized Niger until 1959 when a new flag designed in 1958 was adopted. In all the colonies of France, the tricolored flag was used, and most countries adopted the tricolor type of flag after independence.


This page was last modified on May 1st, 2018