Where is Niger?

Located in Western Africa, Niger has a 5,834.00 km border with Algeria (951 km), Benin (277 km), Burkina Faso (622 km), Chad (1,196 km), Libya (342 km), Mali (838 km) and Nigeria (1,608 km). Libya claims about 25,000 sq km in a currently dormant dispute in the Tommo region of Niger.

Niger is an African country covering 1,267,000.00 km2 of which 0.02% is water and 1,266,700.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 21st largest country in the world and slightly less than twice the size of Texas. Its geographic coordinates are 16 00 N, 8 00 E and Niamey is the capital city.

Niger is named for the Niger River that passes through it.

Its ISO code is NE.


Niger has a mean elevation of 474 m above sea level.

It has a desert climate that is hot, dry, and tropical in the south. Its terrain mostly consists of desert plains and sand dunes, with flat, rolling plains in the south and hills in the north.


Niger has a population of 18,638,600 making it the 60th largest in the world. The majority of the country can be found in the southernmost extreme of the country.

French is the official language. The major ethnic groups reported are Hausa, Zarma, and Tuareg. The majority of the country identifies as Muslim.

The dialing code for the country is 227.


Niger is an independent country. It gained independence from France in 1960. Its constitution was last ratified in 2010.


Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Niger's GDP is $20,150,000,000.00 (USD) with $1,100.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 145th largest economy and its citizens the 214th richest in the world. The currency of Niger is the Franc (XOF).

Its major export partners are France, Nigeria, and China. Its main exports are uranium ore, livestock, cowpeas, and onions. Its major import partners are France, China, and Nigeria. Its major imports include foodstuffs, machinery, vehicles and parts, and petroleum.

This page was last modified on January 17th, 2018