Where is Netherlands?

Located in Western Europe, Netherlands has a 1,053.00 km border with Belgium (478 km) and Germany (575 km). It has a 451.00 km coastline.

Amsterdam is the capital city of the Netherlands. River Amstel runs through the city of Amsterdam. The city’s name was derived from the river’s name. It is the most populous municipality in the country. The city is a major tourist destination, not only in the Netherlands but also within the entire European continent. The city has a lot of museums, galleries, parks and other sites that keep the flow of tourists into the city consistent. Amsterdam experiences an oceanic climate. The winter and summer are usually mild. There are no extreme temperatures. The city receives an average annual precipitation of 838 milliliters. Most of the precipitation falls as brief light showers and drizzles. The skies are usually very cloudy during the cold months.

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Netherlands is a European country covering 41,543.00 km2 of which 18.41% is water and 33,893.00 km2 is land. This makes it the 64th smallest country in the world and slightly less than twice the size of New Jersey. Its geographic coordinates are 52 30 N, 5 45 E and Amsterdam is the capital city.

The Netherlands literally means "the lowlands".

Its ISO code is NL.


Netherlands has a mean elevation of 30 m above sea level. The highest point on continental Netherlands is Vaalserberg at 322 m.

It has a temperate, marine climate with cool summers and mild winters. Its terrain mostly consists of coastal lowlands with some hills in the southeast.


Netherlands has a population of 17,016,967 making it the 66th largest in the world. The majority of the population can be found in an area called Randstad, which encompasses the cities of Amsterdam, Rotterdam, the Hague, and Utrecht.

Dutch is the official language. The majority ethnic group is Dutch. The majority of the country identifies as Roman Catholic, Christian, or non-religious.

Dutch is the official language of Netherlands. It is an Indo-European language which belongs to the West Germanic family of languages. It is the third most widely spoken Germanic language after English and German. It has 16 letters in its alphabet and uses the Latin Script in its writing. Almost everybody living in the Netherlands can speak Dutch. The language has a great similarity to the German language. Some of the aspects German that are similar to Dutch are verb morphology, Syntax, and word order in a sentence. 20% of the Dutch Vocabularies are loan words. The language has been borrowing heavily from German, English, and Latin. English can be spoken by approximately 90% of Dutch natives living in Netherlands. In fact, in some municipalities, English has been recognized as the official language or as the co-official language after Dutch. Other minority languages spoken in Netherlands are West Frisian which is an official language in Frisian province, German, Spanish, and Papiamento.

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The dialing code for the country is 31.


Netherlands is an independent country. It was established in 1579. Its constitution was last ratified in 1815.

The Netherlands is a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary representative democratic state. The prime minister is the head of government whereas the king or the queen is the head of state. The prime minister is appointed by the monarch. The parliament is bicameral, with the House of Representatives as the lower house and the Senate as the upper house. The official residence of the prime minister is the Catshuis whereas the official residence of the monarch is the Noordeinde Palace, all of which are located in the Hague. Elections are held after about four years to elected representatives to the municipals, senates, House of Representatives and to the European Union.

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Factoring in Purchasing Power Parity, Netherlands's GDP is $871,000,000,000.00 (USD) with $50,800.00 (USD) per capita. This makes it the 27th largest economy and its citizens the 22nd richest in the world. The currency of Netherlands is the Euro (EUR).

Its major export partners are Germany, Belgium, and the United Kingdom. Its main exports are machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, mineral fuels, food and livestock. Its major import partners are Germany, China, and Belgium. Its major imports include machinery and transport equipment, chemicals, fuels, and foodstuffs.


The flag of the Netherlands is one of the oldest flags in the world. It was designed in the 16th century. The flag is known for being the first flag with three colors. Netherlands independence was acknowledged by Spain after eighty years of war in 1648. With respect to Prince William, an orange pennant is hoisted on top of the national flag on special occasions in the Royal House. Being one of the first revolutionary flags in the world, the flag of the kingdom of Netherlands is said to have inspired the South African Flag, Luxembourg, New York city, Albany and Russian flag. The current official flag of the kingdom of Netherlands is a horizontal tricolor of red, blue and white bands which are of equal length and width. It was officially recognized in 1937 following the royal decree.

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This page was last modified on February 6th, 2018

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